How To: Create a Single Step Kinetic Model for DEA Data

Curing of Epoxy Resin

Introduction

In this "How To: " a single step kinetic model for DEA data will be created.

We will start with loading of sample data project included in Kinetics Neo, and create a kinetics model consists of one main step.

Only several clicks in several minutes - and you will get your kinetics model!

Sample Data

  • Data type: differential scanning calorimetry (DEA),
  • Project file: DEA_Ep_Resin_Data.kinx .

Load the Sample Data Project

1. Start Kinetics Neo software. 

Click on the blue tab "File" to open the application menu.

2. Open Sample Data for DSC project.
Click on "Open" item in the menu on the left side, select "Samples".

3. Open Kinetics Neo project file "Ep_Resin_DSC_Data.kinx" .

Check the Loaded Measurement Data

4. Check if the DEA measurement data are loaded.

The Kinetics Neo sample project " DEA_Ep_Resin_Data.kinx " already contains imported sample DEA data files of Curing of Epoxy Resin:

  1. Beru3K.TXT – heating rate 3K/min
  2. Beru2K.TXT – heating rate 2K/min
  3. Beru1K.TXT – heating rate 1K/min

If the project file is successfully loaded then these file names will be seen in "Source Data" section on the right side. The data curves will be shown on the main chart.

Baseline correction

Dielectric data during the temperature initialized cure of a resin is depending on the progressive cross-linking and the increasing temperature that yield to effects in the opposite direction. Thus, a baseline for the temperature effect has to be constructed.

Kinetics NEO delivers baseline models for different curing conditions. In the case shown here, a dynamic curing at a constant heating rate was performed. The molecular mobility of the resin due to temperature is influenced before as well as after the curing progress. The temperature effect on molecular motion in dielectric data can be described using exponential functions based on Arrhenius fundamentals and is done by using the button “Tangential (DEA dynamic)”. This creates an exponential function to the point where the cursor is located to.

5. Select data file Beru3K.txt, select temperature range between 53 and 180°C and select Tangential baseline.

Here calculated blue curve shows temperature dependence of ion viscosity for uncured state. Calculated orange curve shows temperature dependence of ion viscosity for fully cured state. Brown curve presents the common baseline, which changes its slope from uncured to cured state. This common baseline will be subtracted from the total measurement in order to have only curing effect.

Click OK.

6. Select data file Beru2K.txt, select temperature range and select Tangential baseline.

7. Select data file Beru1K.txt, select temperature range and select Tangential baseline.

Click OK.

8. Click on Source Data in the left tree. Now all measured curves contain only effect of curing.

Create a Single Step Kinetic Model for Exothermal Effect

9. Add new model: In "Analysis" tree under "Model Based" item click on "Add New".
A new "Model Based" kinetic model will be created with default parameters
one step: A->B

Reaction type: F1, 1st order reaction.

10. Change reaction type for A-B kinetic step

It is known that curing reactions are usually autocatalytical reactions. In this case it is recommended to select reaction with autocatalysis with unknown reaction order "n" and unknown order of autocatalysis. Using model optimization the software will determine the correct reaction order by itself.

Select step A-B, select reaction type Cn.

Result after changing of reaction type to Cn:

11. Optimize one-step model.

Select “Optimize” in “Model Operation” block at the lower part of Properties panel.

The model step will be optimized. This may take some seconds...

One-step kinetic model is ready: